Social Land Ownership
Land Reform Act Part 2
Four Clusters of Political Attitude
George G Clark (May 2002)
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Recent studies in the UK suggest that modern political attitudes can be usefully
divided into four clusters as shown below where
||Economic freedom ranges from state control at the low end through to free-market
policies at the other. |
||Personal freedom ranges from much government intervention at the low end through to
total freedom of individual choice at the other.|
|Socialists want state intervention in
economic life, but are distrustful of markets and are wary of government as far as moral
issues are concerned.
||Libertarians want individualism, and low
state involvement on all fronts.
|Authoritarians want the government to have
a firm hand in all areas including both the economic and the moral.
||Conservatives want market freedom, but
also strong state control over issues such as family, drugs and abortion.
In 1997 Tony Blairs (New) Labour Party (in the UK) was first
choice for all these groups except the conservatives.
Based loosely on:
John Blundell and Brian Gosschalk (1997) Beyond Left and Right;
London: Institute of Economic Affairs:
(as quoted in Anthony Giddens (1998)
The Third Way the renewal of social democracy; Polity Press; ISBN 0 7456